Martin Luther King Jr. His Life And Death

A renown human rights advocator, Martin Luther King was a Baptist minister from 1956-1968. His inspiration came from non-violent policies from iconic figures like Mahatma Gandhi. King vehemently opposed the social and economic oppression of black people in America through nonviolent protests across the Southern States. He majorly influenced historical protests like the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the watershed events, and the famous rally in Washington. These marches helped transform legislation including the Civil Rights and Voting Act of 1964 and1965 respectively. Martin Luther is a Nobel Peace Prize winner (1964).America also celebrates his memory on The “Martin Luther King Jr.” Day, as a national holiday in his honour.

Early Life

Born in Atlanta, Georgia in 1929, King had one sister, Christine and, one brother, Alfred Daniel Williams. The Kings’ grew up in the affluent neighborhood of Sweet Auburn, a prominent African American district. King was a gifted student. He Graduated with a degree, and a doctorate in Divinity and Theology respectively. He also studied law and medicine. He Married Coretta Scott, from Alabama, in 1953. Hey had 4 children: Martin Luther King III, Dexter, Yolanda, and Bernice. Martin Luther was the lead pastor at the Dexter Baptist Church in Montgomery Alabama.

 

Political Activism

During a racial unfair hiring protest at Birmingham, in 1963, King was arrested among other protestors. He wrote the famous “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” The Jobs and Freedom March in Washington is the most memorable one for his legendary “I Have a Dream” speech. King shared the vision where “this nation will rise and live out the true meaning of its creed: ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.'”

 

On April 4, 1968, King was gunshot on a motel balcony while standing, in Memphis. King had travelled to partake in a workers’ strike. His untimely death initiated a series of riots in the main cities all over America. President Johnson announced a nationwide day of mourning following his death. King’s assassinator, James E. Ray, a racist was found guilty to the murder charges and condemned to serve 99 years in jail.

#